Important statement

glima

The official statement by the
Viking Glima Federation

In the last twenty years Lars Magnar Enoksen has worked closely with the five masters of Glima in order to set the standards needed to become an instructor or a master of Glima.

These standards proclaim that Glima is an old martial art with strong traditions of the North, and mastery can only be acquired from the recognized masters of the art.

Those, who practice Glima are considered to be the guardians of an unbroken tradition which can be traced back to Viking age Scandinavia, and they are very proud of this fact.

Only those who are awarded the official certificate signed and approved by the Viking Glima Federation and its masters are regarded as authorized instructors in this art.

The certificate of Viking Glima Federation clearly states the level of the instructors and which style/styles of Glima they are practicing.

Combat Glima Challenge

Background

“Combat Glima Challenge” is a man-to-man competition arranged by the Viking Glima Federation (VGF). The Challenge fights are used by the Federation to rank their Glima-fighters on a national and an international level. Championship title fights are only open for ranked fighters that accept the rules of Combat Glima.

The results

When a Combat Glima Challenge has been fought, the local VGF representative report the results to the board of the Federation. This report contains a copy of the fight protocol with the name, weight and age of the fighters as well as the result. The fight protocol also states date, town and country where the Challenge took place and the total time fought. If the local reprensentative is new the Federation, visual documentation is needed before the competition is regarded as an official Combat Glima Challenge..

More information

Questions concerning the Combat Glima Challenge should be directed to the President of the Viking Glima Federation; Lars Magnar Enoksen. By emali or phone (+46 – 708 100 344).

Rules of Combat Glima – approved by the Viking Glima Federation 2009

Combat Glima

There are three styles of Glima and “Lausa tök” (Free grappling) is the most combat oriented form and is also called “Combat Glima”. The Viking warriors of the North originally used it as preparation for unarmed combat at the battlefield. The old and simple objective is to conquer and throw the opponent as quickly to the ground and be the person standing when the other is lying down. If both fighters fall down, the aim is to break free and be the first to stand up.

Honourable behaviour

Combat Glima is preparation for battlefield fighting, which explains its simple rules. The goal is to learn something that can be useful in a real combat. However, the fighters are supposed to behave honourable and not injure the opponent in the process of learning. This is why the fighters salute each other with a “handsal” taken on their forearms as a token of mutual respect.

The ritual

When competing in Glima, both fighters stand at each side of the arena and turn their heads to the judge and nods that they are ready to fight. The judge comands “go together” with a loud voice and makes the same comand with the hands. The fighters meet at the middle of the arena and after the handsal is taken, the fight is on.

Fighting

The concept of Combat Glima is to act quickly and penetrate the opponent’s defence to make a throw or a take down. The winner is the person standing when the other is thrown. If both fighters fall to the ground they fight their way free to regain the upright position. To be victorious after standing up, the fighter must be out of the grounded opponent’s reach while still facing him/her. If both stands up at the same time, the fight continues.

Basic fundamentals

There is no time limit in Combat Glima and the fight continues until one is victorious. The judge announces when the fight is over. All fighters entering a competition do it by their own free will. They know the rules and accept the outcome of the fight. Glima is grappling and it is unlawful and regarded as cowardly behaviour to strike, hit or kick the opponent. If a fighter acts disrespectful or tries to avoid the fight after it has started, the game is lost. Take care and protect yourself at all time!